The Crucifixion & the Passover Lamb
Jesus Christ is our Passover Lamb, and as such, the Passover lamb and the events of the Passover in Egypt should give us information about the crucifixion. To find out details about the crucifixion of Jesus, we can look at Exodus 12. By reading Exodus chapter 12, we see the life of Jesus revealed clearly in the types and shadows of the first Passover.
The blood of the Passover lamb is important. It is the blood of the lamb that is required for the first-born son to not be killed at midnight. The blood of the Passover lamb was to be placed in three places, one on each side post and one on the lintel (Exodus 12:22-23). This is symbolic of the three crosses. Two crosses on each side and one in the middle. And the one in the middle is higher than the ones on each side. Christ is our High Priest and is positionally and spiritually above all men, including the two on each side at His Crucifixion. When the death angel saw the blood, he passed over the house that had the blood in it. The judgment of death did not come into that house.
So it is with the final judgment. When God sees the blood of Jesus applied to the soul, He will pass over that person for judgment. Those who do not have the blood covering them will be subject to death – the second death, which is the Lake of fire. So the blood of the Passover lamb is symbolic of the blood of Jesus Christ, our Passover Lamb. The words to the well-known song, When I see the Blood, remind us of that. That is why it’s called the Passover, because God passed over, for judgment, those that had the blood
The Passover lamb was to be roasted with fire and with bitter herbs (Exodus 12:8-9). This is symbolic of the fire that sinners will be cast into (they will be roasted). When Jesus was on the cross, he said, “I thirst” (John 19:28). When the rich man was in hell, he said, “Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.” (Luke 16:24 – emphasis mine). When a sinner goes to hell, the torment is thirsting and torment in fire. Jesus suffered the torment of sinners when He took our sins on his body. The Passover lamb of Exodus was a foreshadow of the Passover Lamb, Jesus Christ. Jesus suffered with “bitter herbs” and torment for 6 hours on the cross.
Exodus 12:6 says, “the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening” (emphasis mine). Notice it says they killed it in the evening. Matthew 27:45 says, “Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.” It’s dark at evening. Notice also it says “the congregation of Israel” killed the Passover lamb. As the Passover lamb was a preview of Jesus, we can see that the congregation (the multitude of Israel and the chief priests and elders – Matthew 27:20) also killed Jesus. They replied to Pilate, “His blood be on us, and on our children” (Matthew 27:25). The Passover lamb was killed whole. Jesus, unlike the others who were crucified, did not have a bone of His broken (John 19:33). This fulfilled prophecy, but it was also revealed in the Passover lamb. So we see that the death of the Passover lamb was a foreshadow of the death of Jesus Christ.